تاثیر برنامه فیفا 11+ کودکان بر بیومکانیک پرش-فرود نونهالان فوتبالیست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته امدادگر ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته امدادگر ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

سابقه و هدف: اخیراً برنامه فیفا 11+ کودکان توسط فیفا برای پیشگیری از آسیب های بازیکنان نونهال معرفی‌شده است اما تاکنون اثر این برنامه بر بیومکانیک پرش و فرود بازیکنان نونهال بررسی نشده است. بنابراین هدف این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر برنامه  فیفا 11+کودکان بر بیومکانیک پرش-فرود بازیکنان نونهالان به‌وسیله آزمون LESS است.
مواد و روش‌ها: آزمودنی‌های مطالعه حاضر 72 نفر از بازیکنان رده سنی 16-9 سال شهر تهران تشکیل می‌دادند. این بازیکنان به دو گروه کنترل  و مداخله تقسیم شدند. بازیکنان گروه مداخله به مدت 8 هفته در هر هفته دو جلسه برنامه تمرینی گرم کردن فیفا 11+ کودکان را انجام دادند. بازیکنان گروه کنترل نیز برنامه گرم کردن عادی خود را اجرا کردند. بیومکانیک پرش و فرود بازیکنان هر 2 گروه بعد از اتمام 10 هفته تمرینات با آزمون LESS  اندازه‌گیری شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج آزمون تی مستقل نشان داد که نمرات LESS بازیکنان گروه مداخله به‌طور معنی‌داری کمتر از گروه کنترل بود. (05/0≥p).
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد اجرای برنامه +11 کودکان می‌تواند مکانیسم پرش- فرود بازیکنان نونهال را بهبود دهد. بنابراین پیشنهاد می‌شود مربیان و بازیکنان فوتبال نونهال و نوجوان، جهت پیشگیری از آسیب‌های اندام تحتانی، از این برنامه تمرینی، به‌جای برنامه گرم کردن عادی، استفاده نمایند.
 

تازه های تحقیق

.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of FIFA 11+ KIDS on the Jump-Landing Biomechanics of Adolescent Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Zareei 1
  • Niloufar Rahmani 2
  • Atefe Ghorbani 3
1 Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University,Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University,Tehran, Iran
3 Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University,Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Purpose: Recently FIFA 11+ KIDS program introduced by FIFA for prevention of soccer injuries among adolescent players. But there is limited studies about the effect of this program on adolescent player’s jump-landing biomechanics. Thus the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of FIFA 11+ Kids program on biomechanics of jump-landing of adolescent soccer players by LESS test.
Methods: The subjects of this study were 72 players 9 to 16 years old. Players were divided in control and training groups. Training-group subjects participated in 10 weeks “FIFA 11+ kids” twice a week for 10 weeks. Control group players followed a usual warm-up. Jump-land biomechanics evaluated by LESS test.
Result: The result of independent T- test showed that the LESS score of intervention group players significantly lower than the control group. (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that conducting 10 weeks +11 kids exercises could improve jump-landing mechanism and consequently reduce the risk of ACL injury. So, it`s recommended that this exercise program is used in order to preventing injury in the young children Football players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • FIFA 11+ Kids
  • Landing Error Scoring System
  • Adolescent
  • Soccer Players

##Prien A, Prinz B, Dvořák J, Junge A. 2017. Health problems in former elite female football players: Prevalence and risk factors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 27(11):1404-10.##Faude O, Rößler R, Junge A. 2013. Football injuries in children and adolescent players: are there clues for prevention? Sports medicine. 43(9):819-37.##Dai B, Herman D, Liu H, Garrett WE, Yu B. 2012. Prevention of ACL injury, part I: injury characteristics, risk factors, and loading mechanism. Research in sports medicine. 20:180-97.##Boden BP, Dean GS, Feagin JA, Garrett WE. 2000. Mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury. Orthopedics. 23(6):573-8.##Beynnon BD, Fleming BC. Anterior cruciate ligament strain in-vivo: a review of previous work. 1998. Journal of biomechanics.;31(6):519-25.##Gabler CM. The Effectiveness of Neuromuscular Training on a Modifiable Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk Factor. 2012. thesis submited at Ohio University.##Ireland ML. The female ACL: why is it more prone to injury? 2002. Orthopedic Clinics of North America. 33(4):637-51.##Hewett TE, Johnson DL. ACL prevention programs: fact or fiction? 2010. Orthopedics. 33(1).##Olsen O, Myklebust G, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. 2004. Injury mechanisms for anterior cruciate ligament injuries in team handball a systematic video analysis. The American journal of sports medicine. 32(4):1002-12.##Fong C-M, Blackburn JT, Norcross MF, McGrath M, Padua DA. Ankle-dorsiflexion range of motion and landing biomechanics. 2011. Journal of athletic training.;46(1):5-10.##  Devita P, Skelly WA. 1992. Effect of landing stiffness on joint kinetics and energetics in the lower extremity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 24(1):108-15.##Decker MJ, Torry MR, Wyland DJ, Sterett WI, Steadman JR. 2003. Gender differences in lower extremity kinematics, kinetics and energy absorption during landing. Clinical biomechanics. 18(7):662-9.##Ford KR, Myer GD, Toms HE, Hewett TE. 2005. Gender differences in the kinematics of unanticipated cutting in young athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 37(1):124-9.##Yu B, Garrett WE. Mechanisms of non-contact ACL injuries. 2007 British journal of sports medicine.41(suppl 1):i47-i51.##Krosshaug T, Nakamae A, Boden BP, Engebretsen L, Smith G, Slauterbeck JR, et al. 2007. Mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball video analysis of 39 cases. The American journal of sports medicine. 35(3):359-67.##Rössler R, Donath L, Bizzini M, Faude O. 2016. A new injury prevention programme for children’s football–FIFA 11+ Kids–can improve motor performance: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Journal of sports sciences. 34(6):549-56.##Parsons JL, Sylvester R, Porter MM. 2017. The Effect of Strength Training on the Jump-Landing Biomechanics of Young Female Athletes: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 27(2):127-32.##            Root H, Trojian T, Martinez J, Kraemer W, DiStefano LJ. 2015. Landing technique and performance in youth athletes after a single injury-prevention program session. Journal of athletic training. 50(11):1149-57.##Silvers-Granelli HJ, Bizzini M, Arundale A, Mandelbaum BR, Snyder-Mackler L. 2017 Does the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program reduce the incidence of ACL injury in male soccer players? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.1-9.##Pfile KR, Gribble PA, Buskirk GE, Meserth SM, Pietrosimone BG. Sustained Improvements in Dynamic Balance and Landing Mechanics After a 6-Week Neuromuscular Training Program in College Women’s Basketball Players. Journal of sport rehabilitation. 2016;25(3):233-40.##Myer GD, Ford KR, Palumbo OP, Hewett TE. Neuromuscular training improves performance and lower-extremity biomechanics in female athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2005;19(1):51-60.##Mandelbaum BR, Silvers HJ, Watanabe DS, Knarr JF, Thomas SD, Griffin LY, et al. Effectiveness of a neuromuscular and proprioceptive training program in preventing anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes 2-year follow-up. The American journal of sports medicine. 2005;33(7):1003-10.##               Waldén M, Atroshi I, Magnusson H, Wagner P, Hägglund M. Prevention of acute knee injuries in adolescent female football players: cluster randomised controlled trial. British mdical journal. 2012;344:e3042.##Myer GD, Brent JL, Ford KR, Hewett TE. Real-time assessment and neuromuscular training feedback techniques to prevent ACL injury in female athletes. Strength and conditioning journal. 2011;33(3):21.##Zazulak BT, Hewett TE, Reeves NP, Goldberg B, Cholewicki J. The effects of core proprioception on knee injury: a prospective biomechanical-epidemiological study. The American journal of sports medicine. 2007. 35(3):368-73.##Pfile KR, Hart JM, Herman DC, Hertel J, Kerrigan DC, Ingersoll CD. Different exercise training interventions and drop-landing biomechanics in high school female athletes. Journal of athletic training. 2013;48(4):450-62.##Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD, Fleckenstein C, Walsh C, West J. The drop-jump screening test difference in lower limb control by gender and effect of neuromuscular training in female athletes. The American journal of sports medicine. 2005;33(2):197-207.##Silvers-Granelli H, Mandelbaum B, Adeniji O, Insler S, Bizzini M, Pohlig R, et al. Efficacy of the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program in the collegiate male soccer player. The American journal of sports medicine. 2015;43(11):2628-37.##Minoonezhad H, Khyerodin F, Alizadeh MH, Bakhshpour M, Zarei M. 2014. comparison the effect of modified 11+ and 11+ programm on prevention of lower extrimity injiries, Research in sport Medicine, 2(3), 1-9.##DiStefano LJ, Marshall SW, Padua DA, Peck KY, Beutler AI, De La Motte SJ, et al. The effects of an injury prevention program on landing biomechanics over time. The American journal of sports medicine. 2016;44(3):767-76.##Padua DA, Marshall SW, Boling MC, Thigpen CA, Garrett Jr WE, Beutler AI. The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) is a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool of jump-landing biomechanics: the JUMP-ACL study. The American journal of sports medicine. 2009;37(10):1996-2002.##Padua DA, Boling MC, DiStefano LJ, Onate JA, Beutler AI, Marshall SW. Reliability of the landing error scoring system-real time, a clinical assessment tool of jump-landing biomechanics. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(2):145-56.##DiStefano LJ, Padua DA, DiStefano MJ, Marshall SW. The Landing Error Scoring System Predicts Non-contact Injury In Youth Soccer Players: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009;41(5):520-1.## DiStefano LJ, Padua DA, DiStefano MJ, Marshall SW. Influence of age, sex, technique, and exercise program on movement patterns after an anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention program in youth soccer players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009;37(3):495-505.##Oñate JA, Guskiewicz KM, Marshall SW, Giuliani C, Yu B, Garrett WE. Instruction of jump-landing technique using videotape feedback altering lower extremity motion patterns. The American journal of sports medicine. 2005;33(6):831-42.##Myer GD, Ford KR, McLean SG, Hewett TE. The effects of plyometric versus dynamic stabilization and balance training on lower extremity biomechanics. The American journal of sports medicine. 2006; 34(3):445-55.##Parsons J, Sylvester R, Porter M. The Effect of Strength Training on the Jump-landing Biomechanics of Young Female Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2016. 27(2):127-32.##Soligard T. Injuries in youth female football: risk factors, prevention and compliance. 2011.##Bell DR, Smith MD, Pennuto AP, Stiffler MR, Olson ME. Jump-landing mechanics after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a landing error scoring system study. Journal of athletic training. 2014;49(4):435-41.##Zarei M, Alizadeh MH, Alizadeh SH, The Effect of FIFA Comprehensive Warm Up Program “11+” for the Prevention of Ankle Injuries in Soccer Players: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2015;11(2):216-29. [Article in Persian].##