مقایسه اثر تمرینات مقاومتی معمول و مقاومتی بالستیک بر برخی شاخص های آمادگی جسمانی بازیکنان فوتبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
زمینه و هدف: روش­های تمرینی مختلف می­تواند تاثیرات متفاوتی بر عملکرد جسمانی ورزشکاران داشته باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر مقایسه اثر تمرینات مقاومتی معمول و مقاومتی بالستیک بر برخی شاخص­های آمادگی جسمانی بازیکنان فوتبال بود.
مواد و روش­ها: 25 بازیکن فوتبال داوطلب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی معمول (13 نفر) و تمرین مقاومتی بالستیک (12 نفر) قرار گرفتند. تمرینات به تعداد 3 جلسه در هفته و برای مدت 6 هفته انجام شد. شاخص­های توان بی­هوازی، توان انفجاری پایین­تنه، دو سرعت (5 و 30 متر)، قدرت پا، چابکی، توان انفجاری بالاتنه و مهارت، قبل از اجرای تمرینات و 48 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسه تمرین با استفاده از آزمون­های ویژه اندازه­گیری شدند. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون های شاپیرو ویلک، t مستقل و t همبسته در سطح معنی‌داری P≤0.05، تجزیه و تحلیل گردیدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد تمرینات مقاومتی بالستیک در مقایسه با تمرینات مقاومتی معمول موجب بهبود معنی­دار در شاخص­های حداکثر توان، حداقل توان، میانگین توان، شاخص خستگی، توان انفجاری پایین­تنه، چابکی و توان انفجاری بالاتنه شد. اما در شاخص­های قدرت پا، سرعت 5 متر، 30 متر و مهارت، بین دوگروه تفاوت معنی­داری مشاهده نگردید.
نتیجه­ گیری: برای توسعه شاخص­های آمادگی جسمانی، به ویژه توان انفجاری بازیکنان فوتبال، استفاده از تمرینات مقاومتی بالستیک موثرتر از تمرینات مقاومتی معمول می باشد؛ اما اولویتی در استفاده از این تمرینات برای توسعه شاخص­های قدرت پا، دو سرعت (5 و 30 متر) و مهارت وجود ندارد.
 

تازه های تحقیق

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کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of General Resistance Training and Ballistic Resistance Training on Some of Physical Fitness Factors in Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Amidian 1
  • Amir Hossein Haghighi 2
  • Seyed Alireza Hosseini kakhk 2
1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
2 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & purpose: Different training methods can affect the athletes’ physical performance in different ways. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of general resistance training and ballistic resistance training on some of physical fitness factors in soccer players.
Methodology: Twenty-five male football players from volunteered and divided into 2 groups of general resistance training (n=13) and ballistic resistance training (n=12). Training programs were 3 sessions for 6 weeks. Indicators of anaerobic power, explosive power of lower body, sprint (5 and 30 m), legs strength, agility, and explosive power of upper body and skill were measured before starting the training programs and 48 hours after the last session of the trainings. Data were analyzed using Shapiro-Wilk test, and independent and dependent T-tests (P≤0.05).
Results: The results showed that the ballistic resistance training, compared with general resistance training, significantly impproved the maximum power, minimum power, mean power, fatigue index, explosive power of lower body, agility, and explosive power of upper body indices. There was no significant difference in the leg strength, 5 and 30 m speeds, and skill between the groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: To enhance the indices of physical fitness, specifically the explosive power of soccer players, the use of ballistic training program is more effective than the general resistance training; but they behave similarly in developing the leg strength, sprint (5 and 30 m), and skill.
 


 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ballistic resistance training
  • general resistance training
  • physical fitness
  • Soccer
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