مقایسه تاثیر تمرینات تعادلی با و بدون لباس فضایی بر تعادل و الگوی راه رفتن سالمندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، پردیس بین المللی کیش، دانشگاه تهران

2 گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: تعادل به عنوان شاخصی برای تعیین میزان استقلال سالمندان در انجام فعالیت­های روزمره محسوب می­شود. هدف از این تحقیق مقایسه تاثیر تمرینات تعادلی با و بدون لباس فضایی بر تعادل و الگوی راه رفتن سالمندان بود.
مواد و روش­ها: تعداد 36 سالمند با میانگین سن 86/6 ± 94/76 سال و وزن 90/45 ± 80/72 کیلوگرم به صورت هدفمند و داوطلبانه انتخاب و سپس به طور تصادفی در سه گروه کنترل، بدون لباس فضایی و با لباس فضایی قرار گرفتند. گروه های با و بدون لباس فضایی به مدت شش هفته، هر هفته سه جلسه و هر جلسه 60 دقیقه به انجام تمرینات تعادلی پرداختند، در حالی که گروه کنترل در این مدت هیچ فعالیت بدنی موثر نداشتند. در ابتدا و انتهای تحقیق تعادل با آزمون برگ و الگوی راه رفتن با آزمون تینیتی اندازه گیری شد. داده ها با استفاده از آزمون آنوا با اندازه­های تکراری تجزیه و تحلیل گردید.
یافته ها: بین تعادل سه گروه تفاوت معنی داری مشاهده نشد (202/0=P). بین الگوی راه رفتن سه گروه تفاوت معنی داری مشاهده شد (047/0=P)، به طوری که گروه با لباس فضایی بهبود معنی داری نسبت به گروه کنترل داشت (012/0=P).
نتیجه­گیری: انجام تمرینات تعادلی با لباس فضایی مفید تر از انجام ندادن آن در بهبود الگوی راه رفتن سالمندان است. انجام تمرینات تعادلی با لباس فضایی به عنوان یک روش موثر برای سالمندان توصیه می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison effect of balance training with and without suit therapy on balance and gait in elderly

نویسندگان [English]

  • majid khodadadi 1
  • Nader Rahnama 2
  • Aref Tayebi 1
1 Sport science Department, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran
2 Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise Department Sport science Faculty, University of Isfahan, IsfahanT Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Balance is an index to determine the level of independency of elderly in their daily activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate comparision effect of balance training with and without suit therapy on balance and gait in elderly.
Materials and Methods: Thirty-six elderly with the mean age of 76.94±6.86 years and weight of 72.80±45.90 Kg,  voluntarily and purposefully were recruited in this study and then  were randomly assigned into three groups of control, without suit therapy and with suit therapy. The groups with and without suit therapy received 6 weeks of balance training including 3 sessions per week, each session; 60 minutes, while the elderly of the control group haven't been receiving traning during this period. Balance with berg tesst and gait with  Tinetti test were evaluted at the beginning and the end of study. All data were analysed  using ANOVA test with repeated measures.
Results: The result of study showed no significant difference in balance between three groups. The result of study showed significant difference in gait between three groups (P=0/047), the group with suit therapy was significantly more effective than the group control (P=0/012).
Conclusion: In elderly's gait improvement, to do balance training with suit therapy is better than not to do it. To do balance traning with suit therapy is adviced to elderly as a effective method

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Balance training
  • Suit therapy
  • Balance
  • Gait
  • Eelderly
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