اثر دو نوع تمرین اسکات و پرس پا بر تغییرات مرکز فشار پا و نیروی عمودی عکس‌العمل زمین هنگام پایین آمدن از پله

نوع مقاله: فیزیولوژی ، بیومکانیک،آسیب شناسی ورزشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان، ایران

3 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی،گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده روانشانسی و علوم و تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

سابقه و هدف: موقعیت مرکز فشار و مقدار نیروی عمودی عکس­العمل زمین (GRFz) در فعالیت­های مختلف روزمره ازجمله راه رفتن و تردد از پله­ها با آسیب­های اندام تحتانی و کمر مرتبط است. هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثر دو شیوه تمرینات مقاومتی مختلف بر متغیرهای بیومکانیکی نظیر تغییرات نیروی عمودی عکس‌العمل زمین و جابه­جایی داخلی-خارجی مرکز فشار پاها (COPx) طی پایین آمدن از پله بود.
مواد و روش­ها: تعداد 20 نفر از دانشجویان پسر دانشگاه بوعلی سینای همدان در دو گروه اسکات و پرس پا به ترتیب با میانگین سنی 7/2±1/25 و 2/3±8/23 سال قرار گرفتند. تغییرات GRFz و COPx قبل و بعد از 12 جلسه تمرین توسط صفحه نیرو با فرکانس نمونه‌برداری 1000 هرتز ثبت شد. گروه اسکات، حرکت اسکات را همراه با حداکثر آداکشن ران و گروه پرس پا، حرکت پرس پا را همراه با حداکثر آدکشن ران طی 12 جلسه تمرین کردند. جهت مقایسه درون­گروهی و بین­گروهی داده­ها به ترتیب از دو آزمون t همبسته و t مستقل استفاده شد. سطح معناداری برابر 05/0 در نظر گرفته  شد.  
یافته­ ها: در گروه پرس پا، مقدار جابجایی داخلی-جانبی COP بعد از تمرین به طور معناداری کاهش یافت (030/0=P)؛ همچنین میزان GRF در قله دوم منحنی نیرو بعد از تمرینات پرس پا به‌طور معنی­داری کاهش یافت (027/0=P). با وجود این، مقادیر GRF و COP بین دو گروه معنی‌دار نبود.
نتیجه‌گیری: تمرینات پرس پا می­تواند سبب بهبود کاهش جابجایی COP و کاهش مقدار GRFz در نقطه اوج نیروی دوم، و در نتیجه کنترل وضعی پاسچر بهتر در هنگام پایین آمدن از پله شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparison of squat and leg press training protocols on center of pressure alterations and ground reaction force during step descent

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Farahpour 1
  • Mohsen Shayeste 2
  • AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero 3
1 1- Sport Biomechanics Department, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
2 Sport Biomechanics Department, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & Purpose: The location of center pressure and the amplitude of vertical ground reaction force (GRFz) during daily activities such as walking and step descent and ascent is associated with lower limb and lumbar injuries. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two different resistance training programs on the biomechanical variables such as vertical ground reaction forces and center of pressure (COPx) during stair descent.
Methodology: Twenty healthy male students of Bu Ali Sina University were randomly divided into squat (average age: 25.1±2.7 year) and leg press (average age: 23.8±3.2 year) groups. GRFz and COPx values before and after 12 sessions of exercise recorded by force plate at sampling rate of 1000 Hz. The squat group performed squat movement with maximum hip adduction, while the leg press group performed leg press movement with maximum hip adduction during 12 sessions. Paired and independent sample t tests were used for within and between groups comparisons, respectively. The significant level was set at pResults: In leg press group, mediolateral displacements of COP after training program was decreased (P=0.027). However, GRF and COP values were not statistically different between both groups.  
Conclusion: Leg press training could improve center of pressure (COP) displacement, and the second peak of GRFz, and consequently lead to improvement in postural control during step descent.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stair descent
  • Squat
  • Leg press
  • Ground reaction force
  • Center of pressure

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