مدل تخمین سطح مقطع و حجم عضله چهار سر ران در مردان سالمند و جوان با استفاده از اندازه های آنتروپومتریکی ناحیه ران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

4 استادیار گروه رادیولوژی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: ارزیابی سطح مقطع و حجم عضله چهارسر ران از ارزش تسخیصی بالایی برخوردار است. هدف از این پژوهش ارائه مدلی برای پیش بینی سطح مقطع و حجم عضله چهار سر ران براساس اندازه های آنتروپومتریکی در مردان سالمند و جوان بود.
روش‌شناسی: 101 نفر مرد (52 سالمند با دامنه سنی 50 تا 70 سال و 49 جوان با دامنه سنی 20 تا 49 سال) سالم و غیر فعال در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. از تصویربرداری تموگرافی رایانه­ای بعنوان روش مرجع و از اندازه­گیری­های آنتروپومتریکی ناحیه ران به عنوان متغیرهای پیش بین استفاده شد. برای طراحی مدل پیش بین از رگرسیون چند عاملی استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: ارتباط معنی داری بین متغییرهای پیش بین و معیار مشاهده شد (P≤0.05). مدل رگرسیونی تخمین حجم عضلانی در سالمندان 144/2639– (1-10× TSF)895/39 – (L) 544/26+ (TTC) 142/40+ 2(TTC) 125/0-  و در جوانان 579/7242+ (1-10× TSF)908/53– (L) 131/26 + (TTC) 217/88- 2(TTC) 295/0 می باشد. در این مدل ها منظور از TTC، مجموع دور ران در سه ناحیه بالایی، میانی و پایینی به سانتی متر، منظور از L، طول ران به سانتی متر و منظور از TSF، مجموع چربی زیر پوستی در سه ناحیه بالایی، میانی و پایینی به میلی متر، در ناحیه قدامی ران می باشد. ضریب همبستگی و خطای استاندارد برآورد برای مدل گروه سالمندان بترتیب 781/0 و 195/5 درصد و  برای جوانان بترتیب 845/0 و 169/3 درصد بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: بنظر می رسد نتایج پژوهش مدل های نسبتا معتبری را برای برآورد سطح مقطع و حجم عضله چهار سر ران براساس متغیر آنتروپومتریکی در مردان جوان و سالمند ارائه داد، که می تواند برای پژوهش ها در زمینه های بالینی، فیزیولوژی ورزشی و علم تمرین سودمند است.
کلید واژه ها: آنتروپومتریک؛ عضله چهار سر ران؛ آنالیز رگرسیون
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimation model of the Quadriceps Muscle Cross-Sectional Area and Volume by using Anthropometric Parameters of Thigh in Old and Young Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • raoof negaresh 1
  • rohollah ranjbar 2
  • Abdolhamid Habibi 3
  • Mohamad Momen Gharibvand 4
1 Department of physical education, Ahvaz Shahid Chamran university, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Assistant professor of sport physiology, Departemant of physical education, Ahvaz Shahid Chamran university, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Professor of sport physiology, Department of physical education, ahvaz Shahid Chamran university, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Assistant professor of Radiology, Department of medical, Jundishapur medical science university, Ahwaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background & Purpose: Assessment of quadriceps muscle cross-section area and volume is of great diagnostic value. The purpose of this study was to provide a model to predict quadriceps muscle cross-section area and volume based on anthropometric parameters in old and young men.
Methodology: 101 sedentary and health male subjects (52 old men aged 50 to 70 and 49 young men aged 20 to 49) participated in this study. Computed tomography imaging scans as basic method and thigh anthropometric parameters as predictor variable were taken from thigh. Multiple regressions was used to designing estimation models.
Result: A significant correlation between criterion variable with predictor variable was shown (P≤0.05). Regression model to estimate muscle volume was -0/125(TTC)2 +40/142(TTC) +26/544(L) -39/895(TSF×10-1) -2639/144 in the elderly subjects and -0/295(TTC)2 -88/217(TTC) +26/313(L) -53/908(TSF×10-1) +7242/579 in the young subjects. In these models, the TCC means the total tight circumference in three areas of upper, middle and lower to centimeter, the L means thigh length in centimeter and the TSF means skinfold thickness in three areas of upper, middle and lower in millimeter in the anterior region of the thigh. The correlation coefficient and standard error of the estimate was 0/781 and 5/195 percent respectively for the elderly subjects and 0/845 and 3/169 percent respectively for the young subjects.
Conclusion: It seem that results are provide relatively valid models for estimating the cross section area and volume of quadriceps based on anthropometric variables in young and old men, that can useful for research in the field of clinical, exercise physiology and science.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anthropometric
  • quadriceps muscle
  • regressions analysis

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