بررسی تغییرات کینماتیکی مفصل زانو حین فرود تک پا متعاقب هشت هفته برنامه فیفا+11 در بازیکنان مرد جوان فوتبالیست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه بیومکانیک و طب ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه توانبخشی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه بیومکانیک و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

5 دانشیار، گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

سابقه و هدف: موقعیت زوایای زانو در فرود، از عوامل آسیب بازیکنان فوتبال است و تمرینات پیشگیرانه می­تواند میزان آسیب را در این ورزش کاهش دهد. از این رو، هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر هشت هفته برنامه فیفا 11+ بر زوایای سه بعدی مفصل زانو در فرود بر روی یک پا در بازیکنان مرد جوان فوتبال بود.
مواد و روش ها: اندازه­گیری شاخص­های کینماتیکی زانو در فرود بر روی یک پا، از 24 فوتبالیست مرد جوان (12نفر گروه تجربی و 12 نفر گروه کنترل) در پیش آزمون و پس آزمون به عمل آمد. پس از اجرای هشت هفته تمرینات گرم کردن فیفا11+ بر روی گروه تجربی، از آزمون­هایt   زوجی و مستقل برای تجزیه و تحلیل آماری استفاده شد.
یافته ها: در پیش آزمون گروه تجربی، زاویه فلکشن اولیه، زاویه والگوس و زاویه چرخش داخلی زانو به ترتیب 07/5±16/12، 30/3±73/10 و 79/5±40/16 درجه بودند که در پس آزمون بطور معنی­داری به 76/5±10/19، 27/3±20/5 و 39/5±94/9 درجه تغییر پیدا کردند.
نتیجه گیری: با در نظر گرفتن افزایش معنادار در زاویه فلکشن اولیه زانو و کاهش والگوس و چرخش داخلی زانو می­توان عنوان کرد که احتمالاً برنامه تمرینات فیفا 11+ بتواند تاثیرگذاری مثبت در تعدیل عوامل خطرساز آسیب رباط متقاطع قدامی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of knee joint kinematic changes during single leg drop landing after 8 weeks FIFA11+ program in young male soccer players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid ghasemi paeendehi 1
  • sadroddin shojaeddin 2
  • Esmaeil Ebrahimi Tekamejani 3
  • Amir Letafatkar 4
  • Mansour Eslami 5
1 Department of Biomechanics and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biomechanics and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Biomechanics and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background&Purpose: The knee positions in landing could be parameters for injury of soccer players and the preventive programs may decrease the injury of this sport. This study aimed to investigate the effect of 8 weeks Fifa11+ program on knee joint 3D angles in young male soccer players in single leg drop Landing.
Methodology: knee kinematic data in single leg drop landing of 24 (12 control and 12 experimental) young male soccer players acquired in pre-test and post-test. After completing 8 weeks of Fifa11+ training in experimental group, the independent and paired t tests used for statistical analysis.
Results: In pretest of training group, the initial knee flexion, knee valgus and knee internal rotation were 12.16±5.07°, 10.73±3.30° and 16.40±9.79° respectively that in posttest meaningfully were changed to 19.10±5.76°, 5.20±3.27° and 9.94±5.39°.
Conclusion: Considering the significant increment in knee initial flexion and decrement of knee valgus and internal rotation, it can be concluded that Fifa11+ exercise program may have a positive effect in modifying anterior cruciate ligament injury risk factors..

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • FIFA11+ Injury Prevention Program
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
  • Knee Kinematics
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