مقایسه اثرات سه روش تمرینی بر شاخص‌های بیوشیمیایی ویژه سلول‌های قلبی مردان دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزش، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزش، پردیس کیش دانشگاه تهران، کیش، ایران

3 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، پردیس کیش دانشگاه تهران، کیش، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: افزایش سطح سرمی شاخص های بیوشیمیایی سلول­های عضله قلبی با شدت و مدت تمرین ارتباط دارد. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاًثیر فعالیت­های تداومی و تناوبی شدید بر سطح CK-MB و cTnI سرم در افراد دارای اضافه وزن بود.
روش شناسی: 40 مرد 30 تا 40 ساله با BMI 27 تا 29 به طور تصادفی به سه گروه آزمایشی (تداومی، تناوبی30 و تناوبی 60 ثانیه) و گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. تمرین­ها­ی تداومی و تناوبی دویدن به ترتیب با شدت VO2peak 60 % و VO2peak 90 % به مدت هشت هفته سه جلسه ای انجام شد. نمونه­ های خونی آزمودنی­ها در پنج زمان (پیش، چهار و 24 ساعت پس از جلسه اول و جلسه آخر) جمع ­آوری شد. داده­ ها با آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­ گیری مکرر در سطح معناداری (0.05 ≥ P) تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته ها: افزایش معنا­دار میزان CK-MB سرم پس ­آزمون­ها در گروه­های تمرینی نسبت به پیش­ آزمون و گروه کنترل را نشان داد (0.05 ≥ P) . مقادیر cTnI سرم پس آزمون­های چهار ساعته گروه­های تمرینی تداومی و تناوبی 60 ثانیه نسبت به پیش ­آزمون و پس آزمون­های 24 ساعته افزایش معنادار نشان داد (0.05 ≥ P) اما در گروه تناوبی 30 ثانیه معنا دار نبود. مقادیر cTnI سرم پس آزمون­ چهار ساعته هفته آخر گروه تداومی نسبت به پس آزمون­ چهار ساعته هفته اول کاهش معنادار داشت (0.05 ≥ P). همچنین در همه گروه­های تمرینی، مقادیر cTnI سرم پس آزمون­ 24 ساعته هفته آخر نسبت به پس آزمون­ 24ساعته هفته اول تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد .
نتیجه گیری: به نظر می­رسد هیچ کدام از فعالیت­های مذکور سبب آسیب قلبی پایدار نمی­شود و اتفاق مذکور در نتیجه اختلال ناپایدار غشاء سلول­های قلبی می­باشد و انجام فعالیت­، به ویژه فعالیت­های تداومی سبب کاهش این وضعیت خواهد شد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Three Exercise Protocols on Specific Biochemical Markers of Cardiac Cells in Overweight Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Reza Kordi 1
  • Behrooz Khodayari 2
  • abbasali gaeini 3
  • nuri Reza 4
1 Exercise Physiology Department, Sport Science Faculty, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Exercise Physiology department, Sport Science Faculty, University of Tehran, ( Kish International Campus), Kish, Iran.
3 Exercise Physiology Department, Sport Science Faculty, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Exercise Physiology department, Sport Science Faculty, University of Tehran, ( Kish International Campus), Kish, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & Purpose: Exercise duration and intensity associated with increases in serum Biochemical Markers of Cardiac Cells levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of continuous and intermittent intense running activity on the level of serum CK-MB and cTnI of overweight men.
Methodology: 40 subjects of 30-40 years old with a BMI 27-29 were randomly divided into three experimental groups (continuous, intermittent alternating 30 and 60 seconds) and control group. Exercises were done for eight weeks, each three sessions. Blood samples of the subjects takes for five times (before, four and 24 hours after the first session and the last session). Data were analyzed with repeated measures analysis variance at a significance level (P≤0. 05).
Results: The results showed a significant increase in serum CK-MB in Posttest of training groups with no increase in control group (P≤0. 05). Serum cTnI levels of four-hour posttest of continuous, intermittent exercise 60 seconds group showed a significant increase compared to the pretest and 24-hour posttest (P≤0. 05) but not significant in the interval of 30 seconds (P>0. 05). Serum cTnI levels of posttest of four-hour of continuous groups on the last week was a significant reduction than the four-hour of first week (P≤0. 05). Serum cTnI levels of all training groups was no significant difference, between 24-hour test of last week and first week.
Conclusion: It seems that none of these activities can be sustained heart damage. Temporary increase in the index as a result of impaired cardiac cell membrane is unstable. Activities, especially continuous activities will be situation to reduce this.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • continuous training
  • high intensity interval training
  • cTnI
  • CK-MB
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