تاثیر یک دوره تمرینات پلایومتریک و تناوبی سرعتی بر برخی عوامل آمادگی جسمانی و عملکرد فوتبالیست‌های نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: روش­های تمرینی مختلف می­تواند تاثیرات متفاوتی بر عملکرد جسمانی ورزشکاران داشته باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تاثیر یک دوره تمرینات پلایومتریک و تناوبی سرعتی بر برخی عوامل آمادگی جسمانی و عملکرد فوتبالیست­های نوجوان بود.
مواد و روش­ها: 31 فوتبالیست نوجوان انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی به سه گروه تمرینات پلایومتریک، تناوبی سرعتی و کنترل ‌تقسیم شدند. گروه­های آزمایش در یک دوره تمرین 6 هفته­ای شرکت کردند. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون شاپیرو – ویلک، تحلیل واریانس یک­طرفه و آزمون تعقیبی LSD در سطح معنی­داری P≤0.05 تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که تمرینات پلایومتریک و تناوبی سرعتی باعث بهبود معنی­دار سرعت عمومی (30 و 40 متر)، توان بی هوازی (بی­اسید لاکتیک، با اسیدلاکتیک)، قدرت پا، توان پا و عملکرد سرعتی فوتبالیست­های نوجوان شد. همچنین تمرینات پلایومتریک باعث بهبود معنی­دار سرعت عمومی 15 متر و تمرینات تناوبی سرعتی باعث افزایش معنی­دار Vo2max شد. عملکرد هوازی فوتبالیست­ها با هر سه نوع تمرینات پلایومتریک، تناوبی سرعتی و معمول فوتبال افزایش معنی­داری یافت.
نتیجه گیری:می­توان گفت هر دو نوع تمرینات پلایومتریک و تناوبی سرعتی عوامل آمادگی جسمانی و عملکرد فوتبالیست­های نوجوان را افزایش می­دهد.هر چند با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه، تمرینات تناوبی سرعتی بهبود بیشتر این شاخص­ها را باعث می­شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of plyometric and sprint interval training programs on performance and some factors of physical fitness of teenager soccer players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ramezan Amin Ahmadi
  • Amir Hosein Haghighi
  • Mohammad Reza Hamedinia
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & purpose: Different training methods can affect the athletes’ physical performance in different ways. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of plyometric and sprint interval trainings on performance and some factors of physical fitness of teenager soccer players.
Methodology: Thirty-three teenager soccer players (average age of 13.3 ± 0.6 year, weight 34.8 ± 5.5 kg, height 148.5 ± 6.1 cm) participated and were randomly divided into three group of plyometric training, sprint interval training and control training. The experimental groups underwent 6 weeks training protocols. Shapiro – Wilk test was used to determine the normalization of the data. To evaluate between group differences  one way  ANOVA was applied while pair group differences were tested using LSD post-hoc test, at significance level of  P≤0.05.
Results: Results showed plyometric and sprint interval training caused significant improvement in general speed (30 and 40 m), anaerobic power (with and without lactic acid), feet strength and power, and speed performance of teenager soccer players (PConclusion: Both plyometric and sprint interval trainings improve the factors of physical fitness and performance of teenager soccer players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Plyometric training
  • Sprint interval training
  • physical fitness
  • Soccer
  • Teenager player

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