ارزیابی تغییرات پروفایل بیوشیمیایی- لیپیدی خون و توزیع چربی بدن در مردان غیرفعال دارای اضافه وزن به دنبال پروتکل‌های تمرینی «تداومی هوازی» و «تناوبی پرشدت»

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد تربیت بدنی ،دانشگاه پیام نور،ایران

2 استاد دانشکده علوم پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار دانشکده علوم پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: چاقی اندروئیدی تهدیدی برای سلامت شهروندان به ویژه مردان در جامعه مدرن امروزی است. در راستای غلبه بر این تهدید، تحقیق حاضر به بررسی تغییرات پروفایل بیوشیمیایی- لیپیدی خون و توزیع چربی بدن در مردان غیرفعال دارای اضافه وزن به دنبال پروتکل­های تمرین تداومی هوازی (CAT) و تمرین تناوبی پرشدت (HIIT) پرداخته است.
مواد و روش ها: تعداد 26 نفر از آزمودنیها با میانگین سن 1/6±3/45 سال، وزن 8/9±6/88 کیلوگرم، و درصد چربی کل بدن 7/5±3/32 درصد، در سه گروه CAT (8=n)، HIIT (9=n) و کنترل یا CO (9=n)، دوره مطالعه را تکمیل کردند. برنامه های تمرینی شامل 12 هفته HIIT و CAT به صورت هفته ای 3 جلسه بود. توزیع چربی بدن به روش DEXA و متغیرهای بیوشیمیایی- لیپیدی خون از طریق تحلیل نمونه خونی در ابتدا و پس از دوازده هفته مداخله تمرینی اندازه گیری شدند.
یافته ها: وزن بدن، BMI، درصد چربی بدن و سطح LDL سرم در هر دو گروه تمرینی بطورمعنی داری کاهش یافت (05/0>P)، لیکن درصد کاهش در گروه CAT بطورمعنی داری بیشتر از گروه HIIT بود (025/0=P). دور کمر، WHR، درصد چربی تنه، درصد چربی اندروئیدی و نیز کلسترول کل، hs-CRP، و HDL سرم در گروه CAT بطورمعنی داری بهبود یافتند (02/0=P)، اما در گروه HIIT تغییر معنی داری نکردند.
نتیجه گیری: مطابق با نتایج تحقیق حاضر پیشنهاد می­شود که تمرین تناوبی پرشدت اگرچه به لحاظ کسب منافع آمادگی جسمانی و قلبی عروقی، یک راهکار تمرینی سودمند(به لحاظ زمانی) و قابل مقایسه با تمرین تداومی در افراد بزرگسال غیرفعال دارای اضافه وزن است، لیکن، در مورد توزیع چربی بدن و سلامت لیپیدی خون، منافعی مشابه با تمرین تداومی با این نوع تمرینات حاصل نمی­گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of blood lipid-biochemical profile and body fat distribution changes in overweight inactive men following continuous aerobic and high intensity interval trainings protocols

نویسندگان [English]

  • . . 1
  • . . 2
  • . . 3
1 .
2 .
3 .
چکیده [English]

Background and purpose: android obesity is a threat to the health of modern urban citizens, especially for men. Fore overcome on this threat, the current study examines the changes of blood lipid-biochemical profile and body fat distribution in overweight inactive men following aerobic continuous and high intensity interval trainings protocols.
Methodology: twenty-six man with Mean age, 45.3±6.1 years, weight, 88.6±9.8 kg, and total body fat percentage, 32.3±7.5 percent, in 3 groups of CAT (n = 8), HIIT (n = 9) and control or CO (n = 9) completed the course of study. The training programs include 12 weeks of HIIT and CAT as 3 times a week. Body fat distribution by DEXA and blood lipid-biochemical variables by collected blood sample analyses at baseline and after twelve weeks of the intervention, were measured.
Results: Body weight, BMI, total body fat percent and serum LDL levels decreased significantly in both training groups (P<0.05), but percent reduction in the CAT group was significantly greater than the HIIT group (p=0.025). Waist circumference, WHR, body fat percentage, Android fat percentage, and total cholesterol, hs-CRP, and HDL levels were significantly improved in the CAT group (p=0.02), but did not change significantly in the HIIT group.
Conclusion: according to the results of this study, it can be recommended that the high intensity interval training in terms of achieving the benefits of physical and cardiovascular fitness is a useful training strategy and comparable with continuous exercise in overweight inactive adults, however, it can not gain the same benefits of continuous exercise in the body fat distribution and blood lipid health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • inactive men
  • blood lipid-biochemical profile
  • fat distribution
  • continuous exercise
  • high intensity interval training

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